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Chloramines

Chemical complexes formed from the reaction between ammonia and chlorine being used to disinfect many municipal water supplies. Unlike chlorine, chloramines do not combine with organics in the water to form potentially dangerous trihalomethanes (THMs). Chloramines can exist in three forms: 1. monochloramine (NH2Cl) 2. dichloramine (NHCl2) 3. nitrogen trichloride (NCl3). The proportions of the chloramines depend on the physical and chemical properties of the water. Water containing chloramines may not be used for fish or for kidney dialysis applications.